How do you know if you have a cataract ?

Cataracts are a sort of clouding that occurs in the lens of the eye. This meddles with light reaching the retina, possibly creating foggy vision and other vision issues. The lens is the clear part of the eye that is situated behind the iris and the pupil. It helps focus the light onto the retina, the light-touchy tissue at the back of the eye. The retina then changes over light to electrical signs, which the mind then disentangles into pictures.

What Causes Cataracts?

The lens is made up of water and protein, which is organized precision that keeps the lens clear and permits light to go through to the retina unrestricted. In any case, some of the time the proteins in a small area of the lens bunch together, blurring that part of the lens and making a cataract.

After some time, the cataract may grow as more proteins develop. Cataracts are most generally identified with maturing, and your danger of getting a cataract increases with every decade after around age 40, as per the National Eye Institute. Cataracts may likewise create after surgery for other eye issues, (for example, glaucoma), an eye harm, or presentation of specific sorts of radiation. A few people are conceived with modest cataracts — frequently in both eyes — or create them at an early age.

Cataract Symptoms and Signs

A cataract starts small and at first has little impact on your vision. You may see that your vision is obscured somewhat, such as looking through a shady bit of glass or survey an impressionist painting. A cataract may make light from the sun or a light appears to be too splendid or glaring. On the other hand, you may see when you drive around evening time that the approaching headlights cause more glare than before. Colours may not show up as brilliant as they once did. The sort of cataract you have will influence precisely which manifestations you experience and how soon they will happen. At the point when an atomic cataract first creates, it can realize an impermanent change in your close vision, called "second sight."

Lamentably, the enhanced vision is fleeting and will vanish as the cataract exacerbates. Then again, a subcapsular cataract may not deliver any indications until it's well-developed. If you think you have a cataract, see an eye specialist for an exam to discover without a doubt.

Cataract Prevention

Despite the fact that there is huge contention about whether cataracts can be prevented, various reviews propose certain supplements and nutritious supplements may decrease your danger of cataract. One vast, 10-year study of female wellbeing experts found that higher dietary admissions of vitamin E and the carotenoids lutein and zeaxanthin from food and supplements were connected with altogether diminished the dangers of cataract.

Great food sources of vitamin E incorporate sunflower seeds, almonds and spinach. Great wellsprings of lutein and zeaxanthin incorporate spinach, kale and other green, verdant vegetables. Different reviews have demonstrated cell reinforcement vitamins, for example, vitamin C and food containing omega-3 unsaturated fats may decrease cataract chance.